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4 Types of Works to be done Through Excavation

Do you know the array work that can get done via excavation? Today people are using diverse machines to reduce the amount of time spent executing a task resulting in more productivity. Excavation work comprises of the removal of rock or soil from premise to form a cavity, hole or an open face on a public area, business premise or on a construction site. The excavation equipment is purchased in one of the best sellers, Website Van Adrighem. The article details the 4 possible excavation works.

Open Excavation

Also commonly refereed to as open trial pits, which are the cheapest method of explorations in shallow deposits because the open excavation can be used in all soil types. The open excavation is an open ground that normally varies in shape and size. Usually, the soil samples are collected at various levels and the advantage of this is that the soil strata ca be examined in their natural condition as well as samples taking is convenient. This excavation work method is ideal for shallow depths of up to 3m. Increase in the depths of the open excavation causes increase in the cost of executing the method.  Not to mention, for excavation below the ground water table, particularly in pervious soils, there is need to implement measures for lateral support as well as ground water.

Pit Excavation

The pit excavation normally has four sides as well as its deeper than the narrowest horizontal dimension at the surface. The applications of the pit are installation of underground tanks, pump stations along with manholes. The construction of pile caps, other types of foundations or access to existing services are other reasons for the implementation of pit excavations. However, large scale pit excavation experienced in the mining sector can cause significant environmental impact as main components revolves around the overburden waste soils/rocks, drilling of hard ore, digging of soft ore as well as finally stockpiling before processing begins. Other disadvantages of this method are limited depth exploration along with excessive ground disturbance.

Shafts and Drives

Sinking a shaft entails the construction of a vertical excavation with access along with spoil removal from the top. Drives are usually small openings cut into the trenches’ sides. Cutting a drive is commonly hazardous because it introduces the danger of trapping workers with no substitute escape route. Shafts and drives are ordinarily constructed to either provide access or ventilation to a tunnel.


Potholing allows crews to normally an inspection hole or small excavation used to find underground services much more quickly and accurately. The process is accomplished through excavating holes usually 12 inches deep to confirm the location, type and depth of the line prior the construction commences. There are several potholing techniques: digging with manual tools, digging with backhoe and the vacuum excavation.

The main application areas for excavation in the construction premises, business sites and public areas to remove the soils or rocks from a site to create a hole or a cavity. The methods used in excavation work entails: open excavation, pit excavation, potholing and shafts and drives.

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